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Window on the
  World

Earth from Moon orbit (Photo by NASA). Earth is rising above the Moon's horizon. A crewmember of Apollo 11 took a series of now-famous photographs as theApollo 11 Capsule orbited the Moon before the Lunar Lander descended onto the Moon's in July 1969 (NASA).


Our Latest Post:
20 Novermber 2017


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Seagull Galaxy (IC 2177) was produced by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) Wide Field Imager mounted on the MPG/ESO 2.2-Meter Telescope, located on Mt. Silla in Chile (Wikipedia).

Welcome to Seoul

Gwanghwamun1895 The main gate to Gyungbok Palace in 1895:  the lion in this 1895 photo is farther from the wall of the gate than it is in 2015;  the roadway to the gate was unpaved.Pass through the main gate of Korea's largest palace, Gyung-bok Gung [goong]. The three-door gate, known as Gwang-hwa-mun is also known as the Gate to Enlightenment. Enlightenment in the Buddhist tradition is a state of spiritual perfection.

Gwanghwamuna, then Japanese Governor General BuildingOffice building of the Japanese colonial Governor was com­pleted in 1926. For seven decades, the building obscured a clear view of the palace until it was demolished in 1995. Gwanghwamun The main gate to Gyungbok Palace is also known as the Gate to Enlightenment. Enlightenment in the Buddhist tradition is a state of perfection (by rbkor 2015) .

The palace was originally built in 1395 during the glory years of the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897). Because of tribal battles, disregard during the Japanese annexation of Korea, and post Korean War poverty, the palace gate fell into disrepair. During the post-war period, South Korea's economy began to flourish along with the nation's accumulation of experience with democratic politcs. More and more attention was given to improving the nation's livability and preserving Korea's cultural heritage.

Gwang-hwa Mun A few steps through Gwanghwamun (gwahng-hwah-moon) transports one into Korea's past. Roam around the many buildings that comprise the palace grounds. North of Gwanghwamun stands South Korea's presidential mansion, the Blue House, originally built during the Joseon period as a royal villa behind the main palace. Although the Blue House is painted white the roof is constructed with blue tiles, from which was derived the Korean name, "Chungwadae" [chuhng-wah-dae].

Blue House Cheong Wa Dae literally means a grand, blue-tiled edifice. Blue roofs in traditional Korean culture represented royalty, while brown roofs represented the common people.

A statue, a monument, and a museum in honor of Sejong [seh-joang] the Great King stands a few hundred meters south of Gwanghwamun. Among technological inventions credited to King Sejong, his most revered contribution is the Korean written language called"Hangeul" [hahn-geul]. Hangeul replaced the elitist Chinese script with an alphabetic script that was much easier to learn than learning to write text in Chinese script. King Sejong Seated on his throne, King Sejong the Great King is honored for his many contribuions to Korean science and literacy. Beneath the monument is the Sejong museum.



Rho Ophiuchi Nebula Our Sun passes through our view of the Constellation Ophiuchus each December. Although this constellation is very large, our Sun's path through the heavens obscured our view for 3,000 years, which was the reason that Ophiuchus was not included in the 12 Zodiac signs of the ancient Babylonians, a fine example of the fluidity of the seemingly immutable universe (Image by NASA).

North America Nebula North American Galaxy in the constellation Cygnus, viewed in visible light (NASA). In infrared light, we can see through the dust clouds and view more formations. Horse Head Nebula The Horse Head Nebula is in the constellation Orion; the horse's head is a dark dust cloud when viewed in visible light. In infrared light, we can see through the dark dust. What we see with our human eyes is only a small part of what exists (NASA).

Formations of stars in the heavens have amazed and inspired artists and poets throughout the ages. Star clusters, galaxies, and other natural formations in the heavens resemble the sculptures and paintings of earthly art, or, perhaps, earthly art resembles heavenly art.

Starry Night "Starry Night" (oil on canvas,1889) is, perhaps, Vincent van Gogh's most famous painting. Van Gogh painted this scene during the day from his memory of the evening view out of his sanatorium window. Van Gogh's depiction of the stars in this painting resembles the stars that appear in another of van Gogh's paintings,"Starry Night over the Rhone". Jackson Pollock No 5 (1948) Jackson Pollock ("No.5", 1948): Mr. Pollock is famous for dripping drops of paint onto the canvas. He has also been known to sprinkle sand upon wet paint. Henri-Edmond-Cross Pointillist:  Henri Edmond Cross  ("Pine Tree 1905"): As scientific discovery advanced rapidly around the turn of the 20th century, new techniques and styles in the arts would also evolve into new forms. For example, modern stage lighting and video monitors display only three "primary" colors, i.e. red, blue, and green. These are the only colors that our eyes can see.
  By mixing the colors, e.g. red plus blue = purple, millions of colors can be perceived by the human eye. Pointillists applied the mixing of primary colors to their oil paintings by varying both the hue and the size of the dots, or "points", that were painted on a canvas.

RB: a.k.a. Ralph Baldasare (발더사래) We marvel at the curiosity of a child and respect the wisdom that comes from experience.


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A Few Words:  We hope that what is presented here is useful, enlightening, and entertaining.

Acknowledgements:  Thank you all in Cyberspace who share their work and their ideas with others.

Table of Contents:   a list of pages appearing on this site.

Copyright ©2013–2017 by Ralph Baldasare